The Caucasian leopard is one of the largest feline species, the largest ones being only lion and tiger. It has a long flexible and muscular body, short legs, wide and strong front paws, long tail and relatively small round head. Their forehead is thin, the facial parts are relatively outstanding and the ears are erect reaching 7.5-8 cm in length. The body is 126-171 cm long and 50-78 cm high. Large individuals weigh 50-60 kg. Leopards feed on animal food, they have large sharp teeth. That is why they are categorized as predators. Their neck and jaw are very strong. A leopard can hunt an animal 12 times heavier of its own weight. Although their teeth are large and sharp, leopards can carry their cubs in their mouths.
All cats' paws have the same structure. Front paws are 8-12 x 8-12 cm, and rear 9-11 x 7-9 cm. Their long curved nails are packed into special purses as they move, so they always stay sharp. The sharp nails help climb the leopard to the trees and hunt. They grab their nails first with their nails and then with their teeth. Strong legs give strength to the leopards. It very delicately leaps on high stones and rocks. Due to the leopard leap length (5–8 m), many large mammals lag behind. The tail adjusts the balance of the body while chasing its long jumps. At speeds of 58 km / h, leopards are left behind only hepard, lion and tiger. For comparison, the hepard runs at 120 km / h, the lion 80 km / h, the tiger runs at 65 km / h.